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POOSH - Occupational Safety and Health of Posted Workers

POOSH - Occupational Safety and Health of Posted Workers: Depicting the existing and future challenges in assuring decent working conditions and wellbeing of workers in hazardous sectors


The occupational safety and health (OSH) of posted workers is regulated by Article 3 of the Directive 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers in the framework of provision of services and is inextricably linked to the assurance of decent labour/working conditions. In most cases, serious infringements in matters of OSH go hand in hand with underpayment, excessive working time, lack of rest periods, lack of preventive measures, non-compliance with regulations concerning social security and health insurance and underestimating the challenges concerning OSH in culturally and ethnically diverse workspaces. This inevitably leads to higher prevalence of work-related accidents, especially in high-risk, hazardous sectors and can have short-term and long-term effects (i.e. burnout, disabilities, and chronic conditions) on the health of posted workers. The disputes about the responsibility of assuring OSH in the context of subcontracting chains and liability in cases of accident further exacerbates vulnerabilities of posted workers.

The project activities focus on the under-researched, underexposed and poorly addressed issue of labour/ working conditions and OSH of posted workers. While current research and policy oriented initiatives tend to focus on issues such as tax avoidance, fictitious postings, social benefit frauds and challenges in establishing cooperation and information sharing on breaches of the relevant Directives between national competent authorities via the IMI system, more attention should also be placed on the assurance of decent working conditions, occupational safety and health, assessment of health-related risks, prevention measures and monitoring.


  • Enhancing transnational cooperation between national competent bodies, social partners and NGOs concerned with the OSH and labour/working conditions of posted workers, with the aim of exchanging best practices, experience, discuss possible forms of further cooperation, improve cooperation via the IMI system, facilitate multilateral initiatives leading to better monitoring and response to violations of labour rights, and develop policy recommendations.
  • Improving access to information on decent labour/working conditions and OSH of posted workers.
  • Providing comprehensive research on OSH­related vulnerabilities of posted workers and regulatory protection in place in nine EU countries covered in the project. Research team will also gather and systematically review the existing sources on labour/working conditions and OSH of posted workers in the EU.


  • Public authorities/ administrations: ministries, labour inspectorates
  • Social partners: trade unions, employers’ associations, individual employers,
  • Posted workers
  • Other stakeholders: non-governmental organisations, national health insurances authorities, think tanks/ research institutes


  • Cooperation: 1 transnational conference, 3 joint visits, 1 roundtable, 4 project meetings, 5 national training/ capacity building workshops
  • Information-sharing activities: OSH e-observatory, online information-sharing platform, educational and informational materials in 11 languages, 4 awareness raising media events
  • Research: 9 national case studies and a comparative final report, 5 academic articles


ZRC SAZU - Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (Slovenia)


  • European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research; Work, Wealth, Welfare Programme (Austria)
  • Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Department of Philosophy and Cultural Heritage (Italy)
  • SNSPA - The National University of Political Studies and Public Administration, Department of International Relations and European Integration, and Centre for European Studies on Human Migration (Romania)
  • University of Rostock, Chair of Business, Economics and Entrepreneurship Education (Germany)


  • Ministry of Labour and Pension System of the Republic of Croatia (Croatia)
  • Labour Inspectorate of the Federal Public Service Employment, Labour and Social Dialogue (Belgium)
  • Federazione Italiana Lavoratori Legno Edili e Affini
  • European Trade Union Institute (Belgium)
  • Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities of Republic Slovenia (Slovenia)
  • CONECT Association for Employment, Dialogue and Migration (Romania)


Visit the Transnational Observatory on Occupational Safety and Health of Posted Workers at



This project has received financial support from the European Union, Programme for Employment and Social Innovation "EaSI" (2014- 2020). For further information please consult:


1 January 2017 – 31 December 2018



POOSH Newsletter Issue no. 1/2017

POOSH Newsletter Issue no. 2/2018

POOSH Newsletter Issue no. 3/2018

POOSH Newsletter Issue no. 4/2018


POOSH Flyer - RO Version, EN Version, SP Version


Pocket guide for posted workers (RO Version, SP Version, EN Version

Pocket guide for employers (RO Version, SP Version, EN Version)